The Bridges of Madison County (film)

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This article is about the film. For the book, see The Bridges of Madison County. For the musical, see The Bridges of Madison County (musical). For the bridges, see List of Madison County Covered Bridges.
The Bridges of Madison County
The Bridges Of Madison County.jpg
Original poster designed
by Bill Gold.
Directed by Clint Eastwood
Produced by
Screenplay by Richard LaGravenese
Based on The Bridges of Madison County
by Robert James Waller
Music by Lennie Niehaus
Cinematography Jack N. Green
Edited by Joel Cox
Distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures
Release date
  • June 2, 1995
Running time
134 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $22 million[2][3]
Box office $182 million[4]

The Bridges of Madison County is a 1995 American romantic-drama filmbased on the best-selling novel of the same name by Robert James Waller.[5]It was produced by Amblin Entertainment and Malpaso Productions, and distributed by Warner Bros. Entertainment. The film was produced and directed by Clint Eastwood with Kathleen Kennedy as co-producer and the screenplay was adapted by Richard LaGravenese. The film is about an Italianwar bride, Francesca (Meryl Streep), who lives with her husband and two children on a farm in Iowa. In 1965, she meets a National Geographicphotographer named Robert (Eastwood) and has a four-day extramarital affairwith him that changes both their lives forever. The film earned $182 million worldwide [4] and it was well received by critics. Streep received an Academy Award for Best Actress nomination in 1996 for her performance in the film.




In the present day, adult siblings Michael and Carolyn arrive at the Iowafarmhouse of Francesca Johnson, their recently deceased, elderly mother, to see about the settlement of their mother's estate. As they go through the contents of her safe deposit box and the will, they are baffled to discover that their mother left very specific instructions that her body be cremated and her ashes thrown off the nearby Roseman Covered Bridge, which is not in accordance with the burial arrangements their parents had made: side-by-side plots in the local cemetery. Michael initially refuses to comply with the cremation, while Carolyn discovers a set of photos of her mother and a letter. She manages to convince Michael to set aside his initial reaction so they can read the documents she has discovered. Once alone, they go through a series of letters from a man named Robert Kincaid to their mother. The siblings find their way to a chest where their mother left a letter, a series of diaries, photographs, old cameras and other mementos.

They discovered that in 1965, their mother, an Italian war bride, had a four-day affair with Robert Kincaid, a travelling professional photographer who had come to Madison County, Iowa, to shoot a photographic essay for National Geographicon the covered bridges in the area.[6] The affair took place while her husband and children were at the state fair in Illinois.

The story in the diaries also reveals the impact the affair had on the lives of Francesca and Robert, since they almost ran away together, so she could travel the world with him. However, after a wrenching period of decision-making, she decided to stay at the last minute after considering the bigger picture that includes the consequences leaving would have on the lives of her teenage children and husband, who was a good, loving man. Kincaid is very moved by meeting her. He finds meaning and his true calling as an artist. The story also has deep consequences on the lives of Michael and Carolyn, who are both experiencing marital problems. Their mother’s story helped them to find a sense of direction in their lives. At the end, the Johnson siblings comply with their mother’s request and scatter their mother's ashes at the covered bridge.


  • Clint Eastwood as Robert Kincaid
  • Meryl Streep as Francesca Johnson
  • Annie Corley as Carolyn Johnson
    • Sarah Kathryn Schmitt as young Carolyn
  • Victor Slezak as Michael Johnson
    • Christopher Kroon as young Michael
  • Jim Haynie as Richard Johnson
  • Phyllis Lyons as Betty
  • Debra Monk as Madge
  • Richard Lage as Lawyer Peterson
  • Michelle Benes as Lucy Redfield



"I've been that guy a little bit, going off by myself years ago in a pickup truck into Nevada, scouting locations for High Plains Drifter. But I didn't stop off with any housewives while doing that."

— Clint Eastwood on Robert Kincaid[3]

Amblin Entertainment, a production company founded by Steven Spielberg, bought the film rights to Waller's novel for $25,000 in late 1991, before its publication—by the time of the film's release, the novel sold 9.5 million copies worldwide.[3] Spielberg first asked Sydney Pollack to direct, who got Kurt Luedtketo draft the first version of the adaptation but then bowed out; Ronald Bass was brought in by Kathleen Kennedy and Spielberg to work on the script, but they were unsatisfied with the results.[3] But a third draft by Richard LaGravenese was liked by Eastwood, who quite early had been cast for the male lead, and by Spielberg, who liked LaGravenese's version enough to consider making Bridges his next film after Schindler's List, which was in post-production at the time.[3] Both men liked that LaGravenese's script presented the story from Francesca's point of view; Spielberg then had LaGravenese introduce the framing device of having Francesca's adult children discover and read her diaries.[3] When Spielberg decided not to direct, he then brought in Bruce Beresford, who got Alfred Uhry to draft another version of the script; when Warner Bros., Spielberg, and Eastwood all preferred LaGravenese's draft, Beresford dropped out.[3]

Waller championed Isabella Rossellini to play Francesca; she was a "strong contender" in a list that also included Anjelica HustonJessica LangeMary McDonnellCher, and Susan Sarandon. But despite Spielberg's initial reluctance, Eastwood had advocated Meryl Streep for the role from the beginning.[3]


Principal photography took 42 days, ending on November 1, 1994, ten days ahead of Eastwood's 52-day schedule; Eastwood filmed it chronologically from Francesca's point of view, "because it was important to work that way. We were two people getting to know each other, in real time, as actors and as the characters."[3] It was filmed on location in Madison CountyIowa, including the town of Winterset, and in the Dallas County town of Adel.[2] The Bell's Mills Bridge, in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, was also a filming location.


The MPAA ratings board initially gave the film an "R" rating, for the line "Or should we just fuck on the linoleum one last time?", a line of dialogue spoken sarcastically by Francesca; Eastwood appealed, and the rating was reduced to a PG-13.[3]


Box office[edit]

The Bridges of Madison County opened theatrically on June 2, 1995 in 1,805 venues. It earned $10,519,257 in its opening weekend, ranking number two in the North American box office, behind Casper (which was in its second weekend).[7] At the end of its run, the film grossed $71,516,617 domestically and $110,500,000 overseas for a worldwide total of $182,016,617.[4]

Critical reception[edit]

Rotten Tomatoes reports a score of 89% based on 57 reviews, with an average rating of 7.4/10. The site's consensus states: "Sentimental, slow, schmaltzy, and very satisfying, The Bridges of Madison County finds Clint Eastwood adapting a bestseller with heft, wit, and grace."[8] On Metacritic, the film has a 66 out of 100 rating, based on 22 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[9]

According to Janet Maslin, "Clint Eastwood, director and alchemist, has transformed The Bridges of Madison County into something bearable—no, something even better. Limited by the vapidity of this material while he trims its excesses with the requisite machete, Mr. Eastwood locates a moving, elegiac love story at the heart of Mr. Waller's self-congratulatory overkill. The movie has leanness and surprising decency, and Meryl Streep has her best role in years. Looking sturdy and voluptuous in her plain housedress (the year is 1965), Ms. Streep rises straight out of "Christina's World" to embody all the loneliness and fierce yearning Andrew Wyeth captured on canvas. And yet, despite the Iowa setting and the emphasis on down-home Americana, Mr. Eastwood's Bridges of Madison County has a European flavor. Its pace is unhurried, which is not the same as slow. It respects long silences and pays attention to small details. It sustains an austere tone and staves off weepiness until the last reel. It voices musings that would definitely sound better in French."[10] Richard Corliss said Eastwood is the "most reticent of directors—where the book ogles, the film discreetly observes—and, here, the courtliest of stars....As scripted by Richard LaGravenese (The Fisher King), the Madison County movie has a slightly riper theme than the book's. It is about the anticipation and consequences of passion—the slow dance of appraisal, of waiting to make a move that won't be rejected, of debating what to do when the erotic heat matures into love light. What is the effect of an affair on a woman who has been faithful to her husband, and on a rootless man who only now realizes he needs the one woman he can have but not hold?" Corliss concludes "Madison County is Eastwood's gift to women: to Francesca, to all the girls he's loved before—and to Streep, who alchemizes literary mawkishness into intelligent movie passion."[11]




The film tied with Goodbye South, Goodbye and Carlito's Way as the best film of the 1990s in a poll by Cahiers du cinéma.[12]

The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:


  1. Jump up^ "THE BRIDGES OF MADISON COUNTY (12)"British Board of Film Classification. August 3, 1995. Retrieved November 9,2015.
  2. Jump up to:a b Hughes, p.110
  3. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j Thompson, Anne (June 16, 1995). "Bridge on the River Cry"Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2011-08-19.
  4. Jump up to:a b c "The Bridges of Madison County (1995)"Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  5. Jump up^ Variety film review; May 22, 1995.
  6. Jump up^ "The Bridges of Madison County". Madison County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2011-08-19.
  7. Jump up^ "Weekend Box Office Results for June 2-4, 1995"Box Office MojoInternet Movie Database. June 5, 1995. RetrievedNovember 9, 2015.
  8. Jump up^ "The Bridges of Madison County (1995)"Rotten TomatoesFlixster. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  9. Jump up^ "The Bridges of Madison County Reviews"MetacriticCBS Interactive. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  10. Jump up^ Maslin, Janet (June 2, 1995). "Love Comes Driving Up the Road, and in Middle Age, Too". The New York Times. Retrieved2011-08-16.
  11. Jump up^ Corliss, Richard (June 5, 1995). "When Erotic Heat Turns Into Love Light". Time. Retrieved 2011-08-16.
  12. Jump up^ Johnson, Eric. "Cahiers du cinéma"Critics Lists (Mist Driven Enterprises)Caltech Alumni Association. Retrieved2011-08-19.
  13. Jump up^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions" (PDF)American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-18.
  14. Jump up^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-18.

External links[edit]